Charcoal is a black, lightweight residue consisting of carbon and ash, and it can obtained through the removal of water and other unstable constituents derived from vegetable or animal sources. The process of coconut shell powder making machine involves a slow pyrolysis which is the heating of substances to a very high temperature in the absence of oxygen. Common charcoal is produced from coal, peat, wood, petroleum, or coconut shells
Charcoal can be used for heating or for cooking fuel and has many other uses. Charcoal can be compressed into pencils, gun powder. And powdered charcoal is used for medicinal purposes, for example, charcoal capsules can solve digestive problems. A recent discovery is that charcoal can turn unproductive soil into productive, carbon-rich soil.
Coconut Shell Charcoal Making Machine
Modern methods of charcoal making include the employment of retorting technology, and it is a process of heat recovery solely provided by the combustible gas that is released in the charcoal kiln. The properties of the finished products depend on the type of material charred, as well as on the charring temperature. In order to produce a high purity charcoal product, the source material must be free of non-volatile substances.
The raw materials used for coconut shell charcoal making machinery can be anything including straw, bark, twigs, sawdust, corn cob, bamboo sawdust, factory sawdust, wood scraps from furniture, or coconut shells. Producing charcoal from natural raw materials is good for environmental protection and the re-use of agricultural waste products is often supported and advocated by governments.
Coconut Shell Charcoal Making Machinery to produce charcoal from coconut shells includes:
1. Crusher Machine
2. Drying Machine
3. Briquette Extruder Machine
4. Carbonizing Machine
Coconut Shell Charcoal Making Machinery Production Line
1. The crushing machine is used to break down material that is larger than 5.5mm. Any pieces that are larger than 200mm need to be broken down into smaller sizes of 5.5mm before processing in the crusher.
2. The drying machine is used to decline the moisture level of the raw material to less than 12%. The moisture level has to be reduced to between 6% and 8% (for example the dryness of sawdust) before it can be processed further in the briquette extruder machine. The production can be designed to meet the requirements of customers, for example, making charcoal from sawdust. The drying machine is equipped with an auto controlling heating system, which can be used for other purposes such as a water boiler or a heater to warm a house.
Depending on the size of the machine it can handle from 300 – 500kg, 900 – 1200kg, or 1300 – 2,100kg of raw materials measuring between 3 – 5mm. The temperatures reached vary between 180°C – 250°C. the motor power of the three different sized machines vary from 4Kw to 5.5.Kw, to 7.5Kw. The weights are: 1200kg, 1600kg, and 2100kg. Sizes are: 10m x 1m x 2m; 15m x 1m x 2m; 21m x 1.2m x 2.5m.
3. The briquette extruder machine invented by Bestongroup can be designed to meet the requirements of customers, for example making sawdust into half-charcoal sticks. It is equipped with an auto-controlling heating system and motor power ranges between 11kw, to 15kw, to 18kw for the different sizes of machines and weighs from 800kg, to 1000kg, to 1200kg. The measurements are: 1,630mm x 600mm x 1,260mm; or 1,860mm x 800mm x 1,360mm; or 2,100mm x 1,000mm x 1,560mm.
4. The carbonizing machine is used to turn the half-charcoal sticks into a finished product. The machine is equipped with a hyperploid steam cooling, high-temperature system. The cooling process can be accelerated in order to speed up the rate of production. The machine can handle up to 1500kg at a temperature of 430°C. It has a 1.5kw motor and weighs 2,500kg and can produce finished products in 8 – 24 hours.